The lists below refer to states that have expanded Castle Doctrine. In other words, most states have a “no duty to retreat” clause for an intruder in the home (which is also due to a massive effort by the NRA, starting in 2005). The “Stand Your Ground” bills and laws below refer to legislation or laws that expand no duty to retreat to places outside the home, sometimes to workplace or vehicles, but often to “any place a person has a right to be,” which means anywhere that a person is not trespassing.
Note: These laws have changed so fast in the last year, and there are so many conflicting sources of information, that it’s been difficult to keep track. I researched each state, and this is my best guess at interpreting the laws. If you have corrections or updates (including links to laws or bills where I was not able to find them), please leave a respectful comment, and I will follow up.
States that Already Have Stand Your Ground Laws (31)
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- New Hampshire
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
States that have Stand Your Ground BILLS in Legislature Right NOW Are in BOLD; Others Listed Are Expected to Have Legislation Introduced (8)
States Without Stand Your Ground Laws or Bills — though states with * still uphold the doctrine by court precedent (10)
- California* (no legislated law, but has been upheld by the courts, making it a de facto law)
- Colorado* (no legislated law, but has been upheld by the courts, making it a de facto law)
- Minnesota (was recently passed in both houses but vetoed by Governor Dayton)
- New Jersey
- New Mexico (Bill was introduced in 2011 but not passed)
- Washington* (no legislated law, but has been upheld by the courts, making it a de facto law)
This page is a reference for the post No More Trayvon Martins: Oppose Stand Your Ground Laws.